What are the different skin conditions?

What are the different skin conditions?

Published on July 27, 2023, by Astrid

Reading time: 5 minutes

Our skin varies over time. Not to be confused with our skin type (normal, dry, combination, oily), the condition of our skin changes under the influence of external factors (sun, pollution, temperature changes, etc.) and internal factors (stress, diet, hormones, etc.). Among the most common conditions, we can find dehydrated, mature, sensitive, dull or acne-prone skin. Learn to recognize the condition of your skin, identify the cause, and therefore find a solution.


Dehydrated skin

There is a difference between dry skin (type) and dehydrated skin (condition). Dry skin lacks oil. Dehydrated skin, for its part, lacks water. In reality, all skin types can be dehydrated.

A dehydration problem results in discomfort in the face and body, especially after bathing or showering. If fine streaks are visible at the corners of the eyes or on the cheeks, or slight flaking appears under your makeup, your skin is most likely dehydrated. If you drink enough, then you have to look elsewhere for the cause.

Temperature variations :
Temperature variations and climate changes cause the skin to adapt. When it is overused, its protective function deteriorates. The skin becomes more permeable, water evaporation accelerates and the epidermis becomes dehydrated.

Hard water
It may seem paradoxical, but water does not hydrate the skin. It can even lead to dehydration. The limestone it contains is deposited in the form of microcrystals on the skin, absorbing the natural hydration of the epidermis. This is why it is essential to use a toner or essence followed by a moisturizer after rinsing the skin with water.

Inadequate care
Using inappropriate cosmetic treatments with high pH or too astringent can harm your skin. These treatments eliminate the sebum naturally present on the surface of the face, which is essential for maintaining hydration in the inner layers of the skin. This is often the case for oily skin, which uses products that are too “stripping”.

With its incredible ability to retain water, hyaluronic acid plays a crucial role in hydrating the skin. However, its production decreases with age. It is therefore recommended to provide the skin with targeted treatments that contain it. But mature skin is in itself a skin condition.

Mature skin

Aging of the skin is a natural and inevitable process which is explained by a decrease in the activity of skin cells. It is influenced by intrinsic (genetic) and extrinsic (environment and lifestyle) factors, such as sun exposure, smoking, stress, diet and hydration.

Collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid are all essential for maintaining skin structure and hydration. With age, the skin produces less, causing a loss of skin firmness and elasticity, as well as the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

By adding the reduction in sebum production, mature skin tends to be drier and dull. The skin becomes more permeable and more sensitive to external aggressions.

Another problem of mature skin: hyperpigmentation. Excessive sun exposure is one of the main causes of age-related hyperpigmentation. Age-related hormonal changes also promote the formation of dark spots.

This skin, which has become very demanding, requires a care routine adapted to its needs.

Sensitive skin

Sensitive skin is reactive skin. It is prone to sensations of tingling, heating, tingling and itching, often accompanied by redness or irritation. These discomforts are often in reaction to various stimuli:

An inflammatory reaction triggered by irritating substances such as certain soaps, household detergents or pollution.

Psychological factors such as stress.

Hormonal factors linked to the menstrual cycle or menopause.

Physical factors such as exposure to the sun, temperature variations (heat/cold), wind, air conditioning, heating or hard water.

Dull skin

Dull skin is an expression used to describe skin that lacks radiance, luminosity and vitality. It may appear tired, fuzzy, discolored and lifeless. Several factors can contribute to dull skin:

Accumulation of dead cells : Dead skin cells accumulate on the surface, creating a barrier that reflects less light.

Lack of hydration : Insufficient hydration can lead to dehydration of the skin, which then becomes dull and dull.

Excess sebum : Excess oil can clog skin pores, cause blemishes and make skin look dull.

Oxidative stress : Oxidative stress is caused by environmental factors such as pollution, smoking, alcohol, an unbalanced diet or stress. It can damage skin cells and lead to a decrease in the skin's natural glow.

Lack of sleep : Lack of sleep can disrupt the skin's regeneration process, which can lead to dull and tired skin, the presence of dark circles and bags around the eyes.

Acne-prone skin

Acne is a common skin condition that manifests itself as breakouts. If the main audience concerned remains adolescents, adults can also be affected. The causes of acne skin are generally multifactorial and can vary from person to person.

Hormonal changes : Hormonal fluctuations, such as those that occur during adolescence, pregnancy or the menstrual cycle, can increase sebum production and increase the risk of acne.

Genetic factors : Acne has a genetic component, meaning that if members of your family have had acne, you are more likely to have it as well.

Environment and lifestyle : Stress, an unbalanced diet, the use of comedogenic (pore-clogging) cosmetic products, exposure to pollution and the use of certain medications can also contribute to acne-prone skin.

Bacterial proliferation : Bacteria can grow in clogged pores, causing inflammation and worsening acne.

Have you identified the condition of your skin? Do not hesitate now to consult our article to take care of it or to choose the routine that suits you !

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